Geek & Gorgeous – APAD is a serum for smoothing the skin tone, normalizing oil production and soothing the skin. Zelaic acid is a 3-in-1 clinically proven asset that helps reduce stains, pigmentation and redness. This formula uses a new generation of water -soluble form called potassium azeloyl diglycinate (pad) that have similar properties as azelaic acid but enables a super -light, oil -free texture. The two strengths of pad are to level the skin tone and control excessive sebum.
This formulation contains 20 % azeclair, a solution that contains 6 % pure potassium zelo -bondedlycinate (pad). While 6% may not sound like a high number when it comes to pad, it is an excellent amount. The molecule is already effective and is typically used at 1-3%. Studies conducted by the ingredient manufacturer show that 3% pad (or 10% azeclair) is an effective amount to normalize oil production and smooth the skin tone, while a study published in the Journal of Dermatological Treatment used 5% PAD to treat rosacea. >